Inserts / Messages
- Basic Education
- Interesting Articles
- Religious Lectures
- Wiladat Celebrations
- Questions about Iman
- Healthy Living
Inserts / Messages
- Basic Education
- Interesting Articles
- Religious Lectures
- Wiladat Celebrations
- Questions about Iman
- Healthy Living
مسلسل المعصومين (ع) خلفية و أسرة النبي ) ص (
THE INFALLIBLES SERIES – PROPHET’S BACKGROUND AND
Yasin T. al-Jibouri
To know Allah is know His creation, and the best of His creation is Muhammed, Prophet and Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his progeny, the one loved most by Allah To love Muhammed is to love Allah, and to love Allah is to love Muhammed. Whoever loves Muhammed is loved by Allah, and whoever is loved by Allah will have nothing to worry about. And how can anyone not love Muhammed unless he is sick in the heart and in the mind, sick with prejudice and arrogance, with ignorance and conceit?!
One who studies the life of this greatest personality that ever walked on the face of earth will come to realize why he is so much loved by the Almighty, why he is so holy, so pure, so refined. Such knowledge, it is hoped, will benefit the Muslims who wish to follow in his footsteps and be gathered in his company on the Day of Judgment; this is the ultimate desire and hope of every true believer. May Allah count us and your own self among them, Allahomma Āmeen.
He is Muhammed ibn (son of) `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn `Abd Munaf ibn Qusayy ibn Kilab ibn Murrah ibn Ka`b ibn ibn Ghalib ibn Fahr ibn Malik ibn Nadar ibn Kinanah ibn Khuzaymah ibn Mudrikah ibn Ilyas ibn Mazar ibn Nazar ibn Ma`ad ibn `Adnan ibn Isma`eel (Ishmael) ibn Ibrahim (Abraham), peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his progeny, and righteous ancestors, especially his great grandfathers Isma`eel and Ibrahim.
PROPHET’S IMMEDIATE FAMILY
Hashim ibn `Abd Manaf
Al-Muttalib ibn `Abd Manaf, from him come the Muttalibis Imam al-Shafi`i was one of them.
Nawfal ibn `Abd Manaf; from him, the Nawfalis descend.
`Abd Shams ibn `Abd Manaf; from him descend the Umayyads
Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim.He was called “Shaybatul-Hamd” (gray of praise) because he was born with some gray hair. While returning home from a visit to his maternal relatives, Banu Najjar, the boy rode behind al-Muttalib. The Quraishis asked him, “Who is this boy?” The uncle (jestingly) said “This is my slave;” henceforth, he was called “Muttalib’s slave” (`Abd al-Muttalib). The exact date of birth of `Abdul-Muttalib is unknown; he died in 578 A.D. when the Prophet (P) was eight years old. When he prayed for rain, invoking the name of Allah’s Blessed Messenger (P), the little one, his prayers were answered.
`Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib (545 – 570 A.D.). The Blessed Prophet’s father, `Abdullah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib, was born in 545 A.D., 25 years before the Year of the Elephant. Abu Talib and az-Zubair were his brothers by the same father and mother. So were the girls, except Safiyya. When his father died, the Prophet of Allah (P) was two months old, though reports about this differ. `Abdul-Muttalib loved `Abdullah immensely because he was the best of his children, the most chaste and the most noble among them. Once `Abdul-Muttalib sent his son on business, and when the caravan passed by Yathrib (Medina), `Abdullah died there. He was buried in the house of Arqam ibn Ibrahim ibn Suraqah al-`Adawi.
PROPHET’S FOSTER FATHER
Al-Harith, the Prophet’s foster father and husband of Halima, son of `Abd al-`Uzza ibn Rifa`ah ibn Millan ibn Nasirah ibn Fusayya ibn Nasr ibn Sa`d ibn Bakr ibn Hawazin.
PROPHET’S FOSTER MOTHERS
Thawbiyya, the Prophet’s foster mother. She was a bondmaid of Abu Lahab, the paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allah (P). She breast-fed him with the milk of her son Masruh.
Halima, the Prophet’s foster mother. She was the daughter of “Abu Thu’aib” `Abdullah ibn Shajnah ibn Jabir ibn Rizam ibn Nairah ibn Sa`d ibn Bakr ibn Hawazin al-Qaisi. She breast-fed the Messenger of Allah (P) with the milk of her son `Abdullah and reared him (P) for four years (till the year 574 A.D.).
PROPHET’S PATERNAL UNCLES
The Prophet’s paternal uncles are the offspring of `Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim. These are:
Abu Talib. His mother was Fatima al-Quraishiya daughter of `Amr ibn Makhzum. She was the mother of the Prophet’s father `Abdullah and also the mother of Zubair and of all daughters of `Abdul-Muttalib. Called “al-Mumalliq”, he undertook the guardianship of the Prophet (P). He was son of `Abdul-Muttalib.
Al-`Abbas ibn `Abdul-Muttalib (567 – 655 A.D.). He left behind him offspring, and he used to be called “Abul-Fadl” (father of al-Fadl). His mother was called “Umm Dirar”. He was older than the Messenger of Allah (P). He was born 30 year before the Year of the Elephant. His mother’s full name was: Qubaila daughter of Hyyan ibn Kulaib ibn `Amr ibn `Amir ibn Sa`d ibn Khazraj ibn Taim ibn Allat ibn An-Nimr ibn Qasi ibn Haib ibn Qusayy ibn Da`mi ibn Judailah ibn Asad ibn Rabi`ah al-Faras ibn Nizar ibn Ma`add ibn `Adnan. Al-`Abbas was three years older than the Prophet of Allah (P). The Messenger of Allah (P) loved his uncle `Abbas and held him in high esteem. While in Mecca with the idol-worshipers, `Abbas kept his faith secret, but he joined the `Aqaba group in swearing the oath of allegiance to the Messenger of Allah (P). When Mecca was conquered by the Muslims (630 A.D.), `Abbas openly declared his belief in Islam and took part in the battles of Hunain, at-Ta’if and Tabuk. Chivalrous and noble, he stood by the Blessed One in the Battle of Hunain, holding the reins of the Prophet’s mule, demonstrating the zenith of steadfastness and courage. During his caliphate, `Omer ibn al-Khattab placed him in charge of water provisions which, till then, had been the task of his brother, Abu Talib. `Abbas spent 56 years of his life during the pre-Islamic period of jahiliyya, ignorance, and 32 years in Islam. Every time `Omer ibn al-Khattab and `Uthman ibn `Affan came across him during their caliphate, they paid him their profound respect.
Hamzah (566 – 625 A.D.). His father was `Abdul-Muttalib and his mother Hala daughter of Uhaib ibn `Abd Manaf ibn Zuhrah ibn Kilab. Hamzah was nicknamed “Abu Ya`li” and also “Abu `Ammar”. He was four years older than the Messenger of Allah (P). Through him, Allah strengthened Islam when he accepted the faitH He declared his faith in the second year of the revelation (611 A.D.). However, it is also said that he embraced Islam in the sixth year of the Blessed Prophet’s calling (616 A.D.). Ibn `Abd al-Bar says, “I do not think it is correct that he was four years older than the Messenger of Allah (P) (i.e. born in 568 A.D.) because he was his foster brother. They were both breast-fed by Thawbiyya, a bondmaid of Abu Lahab, who did not live long to be a Muslim except that she might have breast-fed them during two different periods”. It is also said that Hamzah was only two years older than the Messenger of Allah (P) (i.e. born in 568 A.D.). He took part in the Battle of Badr (624 A.D.) and was graced by Allah for his good performance that made him become a hero. He killed `Uqbah ibn Rabi`ah in a duel, but it is also said that he killed Shaibah and Tu`mah ibn `Udayy, both of whom he killed in a duel. It is also said that he killed Sabah ibn al-Khuza`i, but some say he killed him during the Battle of Uhud before he himself was killed. In the Battle of Uhud (625 A.D.), Hamzah was martyred at the hands of Wahshi ibn Harb, the Ethiopian slave of Jubair ibn Mut`im ibn `Udayy whose uncle, Tu`mah ibn `Udayy, Hamzah had killed. Wahshi killed Hamzah according to his master’s orders. It is also said that lying in ambush for Hamzah, Wahshi attacked him with a spear and pierced it all through him, causing him a quick death, May Allah be pleased with Hamzah. As soon as he was martyred, Hind daughter of `Utbah ibn Rabi`ah had sworn to seek revenge on Hamzah because, some say, he had killed her father during the Battle of Badr. She promised to emancipate Wahshi if he would kill Hamzah Once Hamzah was killed, she went to his corpse and chewed his liver then mutilated his body. Hamzah was shrouded in a gown then buried after the Messenger of Allah had prayed seventy time for him as he lied in state with other martyrs.
`Abd al-Ka`ba. His father was `Abdul-Muttalib. There are some scholars who omit `Abd al-Ka`ba’s name, saying that he and al-Muqawwim were one and the same person.
Hajal (or Hijl). His real name was Mughirah, and he had no children. His father was `Abdul-Muttalib, and his mother was also the mother of Hamzah.
Qatham ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. His mother was Umm al-Harith and his father `Abdul-Muttalib. He died young.
Al-Harith ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. Al-Harith had children. His mother was Samra’ daughter of Jundab ibn Hujair ibn Ri’ab ibn Surat ibn `Amir ibn Sa`sa`ah ibn Qais ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. His father got his nickname “Muttalib” because of him. Together they dug the well of Zamzam.
Az-Zubair ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. He is known by his nickname “Abu Tahir”; he left no children behind. His father was `Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim.
Dirār ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. He left no descendants. When he lost his way during a pilgrimage season, causing his mother to almost lose her mind fearing for his life, she made an oath to clothe the Ka`ba if Allāh returned him to her, and a man of Juthām brought him back.
Al-Muqawwim. His father was `Abdul-Muttalib.
Al-Ghaidāq. His father was `Abdul-Muttalib. Some scholars omit al-Ghaidāq’s name, saying that he was none other than Hajal (or Hijl). In either case, he left no offspring. Some say that al-Ghaidāq’s real name was Nawfal.
Abu Lahab, nicknamed “`Abd al-`Uzza”, ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. His father was `Abdul-Muttalib and his mother was Lubna daughter of Hajar ibn `Abd Manāf ibn Shātir ibn Habshah ibn Sallul ibn Ka`b ibn `Amr al-Khuzā`i. Abu Lahab died an apostate and was one of the most hostile of all enemies of the Prophet (P).
PROPHET’S PATERNAL AUNTS
Safiyya daughter of `Abdul-Muttalib. Her mother, Hāla daughter of Uhaib, was also the mother of Hamzah, al-Muqawwim and Hajal. Among the Blessed Prophet’s paternal aunts, only Safiyya embraced Islam, may Allāh be pleased with her, as some historians say, yet there is no difference of opinion about her conversion. She was the wife of `Awwām ibn al-Khuwailid, brother of Khadija, Mother of the Believers, peace be with her. Az-Zubair ibn al-`Awwām is son of the above-mentioned afiyya, a disciple of the Messenger of Allāh (P). She also gave birth to al-Sā’ib who was martyred at Yamāma. She is buried in al-Baqi` and her well-known grave is famous among the people of Medina. It is said that except for herself, no other paternal aunt of the Blessed Prophet (P) embraced Islam, although some say that Arwa and `Ātika also converted.
`Ātika daughter of `Abdul-Muttalib. She was married to Abu Umayyah al-Mughirah ibn `Abdillāh ibn Makhzum ibn Yaqazah ibn Taim ibn Murrah ibn Ka`b ibn Lu’ayy ibn Ghālib ibn Fahr, the latter known as Quraish. She gave birth by him to `Abdullāh, Zuhair, and Qaribat al-Kubra.
Umaima daughter of `Abdul-Muttalib (d. 685 A.D.). Her mother was the mother of both `Abdullāh and Abu Tālib. She gave birth to al-Jahsh ibn Ri’āb ibn Ya`mur ibn Sabrah ibn Murrah ibn Ghunm ibn Thudān ibn Asad ibn Khuzaimah. She also gave birth to `Abdullāh, who became a martyr during the battle of Uhud, and to “Abu Ahmed”, the blind poet, whose name was `Abd, and who migrated to Medina. Another son of hers was `Ubaidullāh who converted to Christianity in Ethiopia. He was the one who advised the Blessed Prophet’s Companions to migrate to Ethiopia. Umaima also gave birth to Zainab (daughter of Jahsh), wife of Allāh’s Blessed Prophet. Prior to that marriage, which was done according to a Divine Order, she was married to Zaid ibn Hārithah who was raised by the Prophet, and to Habiba, who married `Abdur-Rahmān ibn `Awf, but had no children. Umaima also gave birth to Hamna daughter of Jahsh who married Mus`ab ibn `Umair ibn Hāshim. But Allāh knows best.
Barra daughter of `Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hāshim. Her mother was the mother of `Abdullāh, Abu Tālib and Az-Zubair. She was married to `Abd al-Asad ibn Hilāl ibn `Abdillāh ibn `Amr ibn Makhzum. She bore him “Abu Salamah” `Abdullāh. After him she married “Abu Rahm” ibn `Abd al-`Uzza ibn Abu Qais ibn `Abd Wudd ibn Nasr ibn Mālik ibn Hisl al-`Āmiri, and she bore him Abu Sabra. Allāh knows best.
Arwa daughter of `Abdul-Muttalib. Her mother was the mother of `Abdullāh, Abu Tālib, and Fātima daughter of `Amr ibn ‘Ābid ibn `Umrān ibn Makhzum. Arwa’s husband was `Umair ibn Wahb ibn `Abd Manāf ibn `Abd ad-Dār ibn Qusayy ibn Kilāb ibn Murrah ibn Ka`b ibn Lu’ayy ibn Ghālib ibn Fahr, to whom she bore Tulaib, who was among the first to migrate. He was at Badr and remained childless. She also gave birth to al-Kalādah ibn Hāshim ibn `Abd Manāf ibn `Abd ad-Dār ibn Qusayy ibn Fātima.
Umm Hakim al-Baidā’ daughter of `Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hāshim. Her mother was the mother of `Abdullāh, father of the Messenger of Allāh (P), and the mother of Abu Tālib. She married Kuthayyir ibn Habib ibn Rabi`ah ibn `Abd Shams ibn `Abd Manāf. She bore him `Āmir and Umm Talhah, whose real name was Arnab, and Arwa, the mother of `Uthmān ibn `Affān and who was one of the Ten who swore allegiance to the Messenger of Allāh (P).
PROPHET’S MATERNAL UNCLES
`Abdullāh ibn Arqam ibn al-Aswad ibn `Abd Yaghuth. His mother was Hind daughter of Māzin ibn `Āmir ibn `Alqamat al-Yemen. There was an occasion when the Messenger of Allāh (P) made `Abdullāh his scribe. During the caliphate of `Omer, `Abdullāh supervised the treasury.
Abu Wahab ibn `Abd Manāf ibn Zuhrah ibn Kilāb, brother of Āmina, mother of the Messenger of Allāh (P) from her father’s side. His mother was Da`ifa daughter of Hāshim ibn `Abd Manāf ibn Qusayy ibn Kilāb ibn Murrah ibn Nizār. He is the one to whom the name of al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad al-Kindi is attributed. The latter’s real name was al-Miqdād ibn `Omer al-Nahrawāni, of Buhrā’ of Quzā`ah. The one referred to as “al-Aswad” had married al-Miqdād’s mother and adopted al-Miqdād, making an alliance with him during the time of jāhiliyya, so he came to be known as “al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad.” He is called “al-Kindi” (of the Kindah tribe) because his father, `Asmi ibn Tha`labah, was an ally of Kindah.
Al-Aswad ibn `Abd Yaghuth, “Abu Wahab”, ibn `Abd Manāf ibn Zuhrah ibn Kilāb. `Abd Yaghuth and Amina, the Blessed Prophet’s mother, were born for the same father. His mother was Da`ifa daughter of Hāshim ibn `Abd Manāf ibn Quayy ibn Kilāb ibn Murrah ibn Nizār. This Aswad is the one to whom the lineage of al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad al-Kindi has been linked. He is also called al-Miqdād ibn `Omer al-Nahrawāni of Buhrā’ of Quzā`ah. Aswad married al-Miqdād’s mother and adopted him as his son. That was in (the pre-Islamic era of) ignorance. When he left Mecca seeking refuge in Ethiopia, he was joined by six other persons. He was called al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad, also al-Kindi, because his father, `Asmi ibn Tha`labah, was an ally of the Kindah tribe.
PROPHET’S FOSTER BROTHERS AND SISTERS
Unaisa. Her mother was Halima as-Sa`diyya daughter of Abu Thu’aib, and her father was al-Hārith ibn `Abd al-`Uzza, a paternal cousin of Halima, the Blessed Prophet’s foster mother.
`Abdullāh. His mother was Halima as-Sa`diyya daughter of Abu Thu’aib. He was son of al-Hārith ibn `Abd al-`Uzza, a paternal cousin of Halima, the Prophet’s foster mother.
Khuthāma. Her mother was Halima daughter of Abu Thu’aib `Abdullāh ibn al-Hārith ibn Shijnah ibn Jābir ibn Razzām ibn Nāsirah ibn Fussayyah, mentioned in the lineage of her husband, and she was the foster-mother of Allāh’s messenger (P).
Masruh. His mother was Thawbiyya, the bondmaid of “Abu Lahab” (father of the flame) `Abd al-`Uzza ibn `Abdul-Mutalib, paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allāh (P). It was the milk for Masru from which the Messenger of Allāh (P) was fed.
Hamzah. He was a son of `Abdul-Muttalib, paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allāh (P). Before it was the turn of the Messenger of Allāh (P), Hamzah was breast-fed by Thawbiyya, bondmaid of Abu Lahab who was a paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allāh (P). Hamzah was four years older than his foster brother, the Prophet (P).
Muslamah. He was the son of `Abd al-Asad al-Makhzumi, the husband of Umm Salamah, mother of the Believers. He was breast-fed by Thawbiyya, bondmaid of Abu Lahab, paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allāh (P). She was feeding him four years before she began feeding the Prophet (P).
DESCENDANTS OF THE PROPHET’S PATERNAL UNCLES
Commander of the Faithful Ali ibn Abu Tālib (600 – 661 A.D.). Among his offspring are the Tālibis and Ja`feris. A man of many virtues, Ali ibn Abu Tālib was the “brother of the Messenger of Allāh (P)”, his paternal cousin and son-in-law and right hand, the Imām of the righteous. He used to be nicknamed “Abu Turāb”, the man who humbles himself in the dust. Due to his courage, he was also called “Haidara”, the Lion. He was born inside Allāh’s Holy House, the Ka`ba, in Mecca, according to some reports, on the 13th of Rajab in the year 30 of the Elephant (600 A.D.). Attacked on the 19th of the month of Ramaān in the year 40 A.H., which corresponded to January 29, 661 A.D., he died during the night of the 21st. (January 31, 661 A.D.). He was killed by `Abdur-Rahmān ibn Muljim al-Murādi, may Allāh curse him. During the battle of Badr, an angel called out, full of admiration: “There is no sword like Thul-Fiqār and no knight like Ali!”
Tālib ibn Abu Tālib.
`Aqil ibn Abu Tālib. He was ten years older than the Commander of the Faithful. `Aqil was killed during the reign of Mu`āwiyah.
Ja`fer ibn Abu Tālib. Nicknamed “the Flying One” (al-Tayyār), he died a martyr in the Battle of Mu’ta (629 A.D.).
Umm Hāni daughter of Abu Tālib.
ulaib ibn Abu Tālib. He narrated the biography of the Prophet (P).
Hamna daughter of Abu Tālib. She was one of those who swore the oath of allegiance to the Prophet (P) in 622 A.D. She gave birth to al-Hārith and `Abdul-Muttalib by her cousin (husband).
`Abdullāh ibn `Abbās, the scholar of this nation. `Abdullāh was born in 619 A.D., three years before the Hegira (migration from Mecca to Medina) in the Shi`b (valley of Abu Tālib). This was before the Hāshimi clan had left (following the end of the siege enforced on the Prophet (P) and his clansmen by Quraish). When the Messenger of Allāh (P) died, `Abdullāh was fifteen years old.
Kathir ibn `Abbās (b. 618 A.D.). He and his brother `Abdullāh, the renown scholar, were of the same mother. Kathir was one year younger than `Abdullāh.
Sa`ud ibn `Abbās. He and his brother `Abdullāh were of the same mother. Sa`ud died as a martyr in Africa, leaving children behind.
Al-Fadl ibn `Abbās. He begot one daughter.
Qatham ibn `Abbās. He and his brother `Abdullāh, the Islamic nation’s scholar, were by the same mother. Qatham died as a martyr in Samarkand.
Al-Hārith ibn `Abbās. He had offspring. His mother belonged to Banu Hilāl.
`Abdur-Rahmān ibn `Abbās. He and his brother `Abdullāh were of the same mother. He had no offspring.
Safiyya daughter of `Abbās
Āmina daughter of `Abbās
Tamām ibn `Abbās. He and his brother Kathir were of the same mother. Tamām had no offspring.
Mihrab ibn `Abbās. He and Subh were of the same mother. Mihrab had no offspring.
Subh ibn `Abbās. His mother was a bondswoman. He had no offspring.
Umm Habiba daughter of `Abbās
`Abdullāh ibn az-Zubair. He died without leaving any offspring. He stood firmly on the Prophet’s side in the Battle of Hunain. His mother, `Ātika al-Makhzumiya, was the daughter of Abu Wahab. `Abdullāh died a martyr’s death during the battle of Ajnadain during the government of Abu Bakr.
Tāhir ibn az-Zubair. He was among the most victorious of the young warriors of Quraish, even of the Hashimites. The Messenger of Allāh (ص) named his own son, at-Tāhir, after him. He had no children.
Umm Hakim daughter of az-Zubair
Sunā`a daughter of az-Zubair. She was married to Rabi`ah ibn al-Hārith ibn `Abdul-Muttalib. Sunā`a is one of the companions, sahaba, to whom we owe reports about the Prophet (ص). May Allāh be pleased with her.
`Abdullāh ibn al-Hārith, the Prophet’s paternal uncle. His name was “Servant of the Sun” (`Abd Shams), but the Messenger of Allāh (ص) called him “Servant of Allāh” (`Abdullāh). He died during the Prophet’s lifetime and had no offspring.
Abu Sufyān ibn al-Hārith al-Mughirah, the poet. He was one of those who stood firmly by the Prophet (ص) when other people fled away.
Umayya daughter of al-Hārith
Arwa daughter of al-Hārith. She married Abu Wadā`ah ibn Sabrah ibn Sa`d as-Sahmi and gave birth to al-Muttalib, Abu Sufyān and Abu Wadā`ah. After marrying Hilāl, she gave birth to `Omer.
Nawfal ibn al-Hārith (his father was al-Hārith). Nawfal was older than both his paternal uncles, Hamzah and al-`Abbās, and also older than his own two brothers. He was among those who stood by the Messenger of Allāh (ص) during the battle of Hunain. Nawfal had children.
Rabi`ah ibn al-Hārith. He used to be called “Abu Raw`a”. He was older than both his paternal uncles, Hamzah and al-`Abbās. He did not witness the battle against the idol-worshippers at Badr, because he was in Syria at that time. Every year he used to provide the Prophet (ص) with food and drink. He died during the reign of `Omer.
`Umārah ibn Hamzah. His wife was Ruqayya, step-daughter of the Messenger of Allāh (ص), and he had no children.
Fātima daughter of Hamzah. She was married to the renowned Miqdād al-Aswad al-Bahrāni, also known as al-Kindi. She narrated details about the Blessed Prophet’s life.
Ya`li ibn Hamzah
Qurra daughter of Hajal
Hind daughter of al-Muqawwim
`Utbah ibn Abu Lahab
`Utaibah ibn Abu Lahab
Tharra daughter of Abu Lahab
Khālida daughter of Abu Lahab
Ghurra daughter of Abu Lahab. She was married to Awfā ibn Umayyah ibn Hārithah ibn al-Awqa.
Mu`attib ibn Abu Lahab. He embraced Islam on the conquest of Mecca (in 630 A.D.). The Messenger of Allāh (ص) prayed for him, and Mu`attib stood by him during the battle of unain in the course of which he lost an eye.
CHILDREN OF THE PROPHET’S PATERNAL AUNTS
`Abd al-Ka`ba son of az-Zubair and Safiyya, the Prophet’s paternal aunt.Umm Habib daughter of az-Zubair and Safiyya
As-Sā’ib son of Az-Zubair and Safiyya. As-Sā’ib participated in the Battle of Uhud and in all other battles of the Messenger of Allāh (ص). He died a martyr’s death during the battle of Yamāma. May Allāh be pleased with him.
The father of all the three was az-Zubair ibn al-`Awwām ibn Khuwailid ibn `Abd al-`Uzza ibn Qusayy ibn Kilāb, brother of Khadija, may Allāh be pleased with both of them. Khadija was the Blessed Prophet’s first wife.
Az-Zubair ibn Safiyya. He and the Commander of the Faithful, Ali, were born in the same year (600 A.D.). He stood by the Prophet (ص) in the Battle of Hunain (630 A.D.), and, according to some reports, the Messenger of Allāh (ص) said, “Every prophet has a disciple, and my disciple is az-Zubair.” Az-Zubair took part in the Battle of Badr. He also participated in the Battle of the Camel. There, he fought for an hour, but when he saw Ali, he went over to him and remembered what the Messenger of Allāh (ص) had told both of them when he made them commit themselves to one another: “One day you will fight Ali, and you will be transgressing against him.” Reminded of those words, Az-Zubair withdrew from the battleground, followed by Ibn Jarmuz `Abdullāh, others say `Omer, or `Omer as-Sa`d, who killed him in a place known as the Lions’ Valley. He brought his sword to Ali who said to him, “Be forewarned, O killer of afiyya’s son, of hellfire!” This happened on a Thursday, the 10th of Jumāda al-Awwal of the year 36 A.H. (November 7, 656 A.D.).
Qurnabah ibn `Abdullāh ibn `Ātika. His grandmother `Ātika was the Prophet’s paternal aunt. He was one of the fiercest enemies of the Muslims, opposing the Prophet and rebelling against Allāh. Qurnabah is the one who said to the Prophet, “We shall not believe in you even if you made a well gush forth for us from under the earth.” Later he went out toward Medina in search of the Prophet (ص) who happened to be heading in the other direction towards Mecca. This was in the Year of the Conquest of Mecca. They met between Shaqiyah and al-`Araj, but when the Prophet (ص) saw Qurnabah, he turned his face away from him.
Zuhair ibn `Ātika. Hhis grandmother, `Ātika, was the Prophet’s paternal aunt. He was one of those whose heart was won for Islam early on. His father was `Omer ibn Wahab ibn `Abd al-`Uzza ibn Qusayy ibn Kilāb. Zuhair migrated to Ethiopia (in 615 A.D.). Then he participated in the Battle of Badr (in 624 A.D.). One of the Prophet’s best companions, he died a martyr’s death, may Allāh be pleased with him. Zuhair had no children.
Tulaib ibn Arwa, the Prophet’s paternal aunt. He used to be called Abu `Adiyy.
Fātima daughter of Tulaib ibn Arwa. Her grandmother, Arwa, was the Prophet’s paternal aunt. Her father was Kalādah ibn `Abd Manāf ibn `Abd ad-Dār ibn Qusayy ibn Kilāb.
Hamna daughter of Abu Ahmad, the man who participated in both migrations to Abyssinia.
`Ubaidullāh ibn Abu Ahmad, the man who went on both migrations, son of `Abdullāh “the one Mutilated in the Path of Allāh” son of Umaima, the Prophet’s paternal aunt. He converted to Christianity in Ethiopia and died there as a Christian. His wife, Umm Habiba, daughter of Abu Sufyān, had a daughter by him. The Messenger of Allāh (ص) married her.
Umm Habiba daughter of Abu Ahmad, the man who went on both migrations, son of `Abdullāh “the one Mutilated in the Path of Allāh” son of Umaima, the Prophet’s paternal aunt. Her father is al-Hārith ibn Harb ibn Umayyah ibn `Abd Shams. She was married to Mu`ab ibn `Umayr ibn Hāshim ibn `Abd Manāf ibn `Abd ad-Dār ibn Qusayy, who was killed in the Battle of Uhud. She then married Talah ibn `Abdillāh.
Zainab daughter of Abu Ahmad, the man who went on both migrations, son of `Abdullāh “the one Mutilated in the Path of Allāh” son of Umaima, the Prophet’s paternal aunt. Zainab was the wife of the Prophet (ص) about whom Allāh said in His revelation: “When Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her…” (Qur’ān, 33:39).
`Abdullāh “the one Mutilated in the Path of Allāh” son of Umaima, the Prophet’s paternal aunt. `Abdullāh was among the first to migrate (to Ethiopia), taking part in both migrations. He was martyred in the Battle of Uhud and people said about him that he was mutilated in the path of Allāh. As his sword was snatched away from him, the Prophet (ص) gave him a date-stalk. In his hand it turned into a sword which he held unflinchingly; it was then called “the Help.” Their father was Jahsh ibn Ri’āb ibn Ya`mur ibn Sabrah ibn Murrah al-Asad.
Umm Talhah daughter of `Āmir ibn al-Baidā’. Her grandmother, al-Baidā’ (“the white one”), was the Prophet’s paternal aunt.
Arwa daughter of `Āmir ibn al-Baidā’. Her grandmother, al-Baidā’, was the Prophet’s paternal aunt.
Abu Shabrah ibn Barra, the Prophet’s paternal aunt. His father was Abu Rahm ibn `Abd al-`Uzza ibn Abu Qais ibn `Abd Wadd ibn Nadr ibn Mālik ibn Hisl ibn `Āmir ibn Lu’ayy ibn Ghālib ibn Fahr (the latter is known as Quraish). He took part in both migrations to Abyssinia (Ethiopia). The Messenger of Allāh (ص) joined him in brotherhood to Salamah. Abu Shabrah had children.
`Abd al-Asad ibn Hilāl ibn `Abdillāh ibn `Omer ibn Makhzum, nicknamed “Abu Salamah”. He migrated to Ethiopia (in 615 A.D.) with his wife Umm Salamah daughter of Abu Umaima al-Makhzumi, daughter of his paternal uncle. Having participated in both migrations, he took part in the Battle of Badr and was fatally wounded at Uhud, dying afterwards of his wounds.
1) the Prophet’s son Ibrāhim, 2) the Prophet’s son `Abdullāh; 3) the Prophet’s son al-Qāsim; 4) the Prophet’s daughter or stepdaughter Zainab (d. 629 A.D.); 5) the Prophet’s stepdaughter Ruqayya (d. 624 A.D.), 6) the Prophet’s stepdaughter Umm Kulthum (d. 630 A.D.); 7) the Prophet’s daughter Fāima, peace be upon her and her progeny.
CHILDREN OF THE PROPHET’S DAUGHTERS, AND THOSE AMONG THEM WHO HAD DESCENDANTS
Imām al-Hassan, peace be with him, was born in mid-Ramaān in the year three of the Hegira (March 3, 625 A.D.). The Messenger of Allāh (ص) slaughtered a ram to celebrate the occasion, and he shaved his head, as he also shaved Hussain’s head. He weighed their hair and distributed their weight in silver as charity among the poor. Fātima then became pregnant with Hussain. It is said that Hussain was born when the Messenger of Allāh (ص) returned from Badr. According to some reports, this took place sixteen or seventeen months after the battle of Badr. Perhaps it was after Uhud because Ali, the Commander of the Faithful, married Fātima four months after that. Allāh knows best. The name al-Hassan (“the good one”) was bestowed upon him by the Archangel Gabriel who brought it to the Messenger of Allāh (ص) in a piece of cloth made of the silk of Paradise. His brother’s name, al-Hussain (“al-Hassan Junior”), was derived from the name “al-Hassan”. The Blessed One called him “al-Hassan” in analogy to Shabar son of Aaron, brother of Prophet Moses.
Imām Hussain; he was born in the fourth Hijri year (626 A.D.), although it is also said that it was in the year 5 (627 A.D.). The Messenger of Allāh (ص) celebrated Hussain’s birth by slaughtering a ram as he had done on the occasion of his brother’s birth. Among all people, Imām Hussain was the one who resembled the Messenger of Allāh (ص) the most. May Allāh be pleased with him. He was martyred on a Friday, the 10th of Muharram of the year 61 A.H. (corresponding to October 13, 680 A.D.), at a place called Kerbalā’, in the vicinity of Kufa, Iraq. The place is also known as at-Taff. His head was cut off by Shimr ibn Thul-Jawshan ad-Dubābi. Shimr was a leper. The commander of the troop that killed him was `Omer ibn Sa`d ibn Abu Waqqās az-Zuhri.
Umm Kulthum granddaughter of the Prophet. She is daughter of the Prophet’s daughter Fātima. Her father was the Commander of the Faithful, Ali ibn Abu Tālib, may Allāh be pleased with him. `Omer ibn al-Khattāb, some historians say, asked for her hand in marriage, so Ali entrusted her guardianship to her uncle, `Abbās. `Omer ibn al-Khattāb then married her, according to some reports. It is also narrated that she gave birth before the death of the Prophet (ص). For this reason, Ibn `Abdillāh an-Nimri, in a book which he wrote about the Prophet’s companions, has counted her among those who were born during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allāh (ص). `Omer asked for her hand. He said to Ali, “O Abul-Hassan! Give her to me in marriage. I shall take care of her honor as nobody else does.” Ali’s answer was: “I am going to send her to you. If you like her, I shall marry her to you.” He then sent her to him with a garment, telling her that she should say to him that this was the garment he had told him about. She did what she was told, and `Omer said, “Tell him that I like it.” Some scholars dismiss the whole incident as a fabrication, and surely Allāh knows best.
Muhsin, grandson of the Prophet’s daughter Fātima. He was miscarried. If you wish to know the whole tragic story of Muhsin, read one of my translations titled Tragedy of (Fatima) al-Zahra written by Ayatullah allama Sayed Ja`far Murtadha al-`Āmili and published by Imam Hussain Foundation of Beirut, Lebanon. A number of Internet websites post some or all of this translation.
Zainab daughter of the Prophet’s daughter Fātima. She married `Abdullāh ibn Ja`fer “the Flying One” son of Abu Tālib and gave birth by him to Ja`fer, `Awn al-Akbar, Umm Kulthum, and Ali, who had offspring. His descendants are called the Zainabis because of their mother. Whatever this Zainab narrated about her mother, Fātima, has been mentioned by Yahya ibn al-Hassan ibn Ja`fer al-`Abdi, the genealogist, who wrote the book The Best People of Medina. May peace and blessings be upon the inhabitants of the city.
`Abdullāh son of the Prophet’s daughter Ruqayya. Some scholars emphatically claim that Ruqayya was a stepdaughter of the Prophet, that she was daughter of his first wife, Khadija, who had twice married before marrying the Prophet. This book will later discuss Khadija and introduce you to both her husbands and their offspring. `Abdullāh son of Ruqayya was born in Ethiopia during his mother’s sojourn in that country where she stayed with her husband `Uthmān ibn `Affān, the Umayyad ruler. The child stayed in Medina until the age of two, according to other reports until the age of six. While he was playing in his father’s house, a cock picked him in his eye, causing a swelling of his face from which he then died. The Messenger of Allāh (ص) led the funeral prayers for him and buried him.
Ali son of the Prophet’s daughter (or stepdaughter) Zainab. His father was Ibn al-`Ās Laqit ibn ar-Rabi` ibn `Abd al-`Uzza ibn `Abd Shams ibn `Abd Manāf. He was a maternal cousin of Zainab daughter (or stepdaughter) of the Messenger of Allāh (ص) because his mother was the maternal aunt of Khadija daughter of Khuwailid. Ali ibn Zainab was nursed with the Banu `Ās. The Messenger of Allāh (ص) then took him home, saying that as a close relative he had a greater right to the child because in those days the boy’s father was still an idol worshipper. But the child died before the age of puberty.
Umāma daughter of the Prophet’s daughter (or stepdaughter) Zainab. Her father was the above-mentioned Ibn al-`Ās ibn ar-Rabi`. The Messenger of Allāh (ص) loved her a lot and may have carried her on his neck during prayers. Once someone presented him with a necklace of onyx, but he said that this was for her. Allāh knows best.
Ali ibn Abu Tālib
Al-`Alā’ ibn al-Hadrami
Qais ibn `Āsim
Az-Zuburqān ibn Badr
Mālik ibn Nuwairah
`Udayy ibn Hātim
Ziyād ibn Labud
Al-Muhājir ibn Abul-`Aqaba
Ali ibn Abu Tālib
Mu`āth ibn Jabal
HIS TRUSTEES AND TREASURERS
Abu `Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrā
Bilal ibn Rabā
Abu ibn Abu Fātima
HIS POLICE OFFICERS AND LAW ENFORCERS
Ali ibn Abu Tālib
Az-Zubair ibn al-`Awwām
Al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad
Muhammed ibn Maslamah
`Āsim ibn Thābit
Qais ibn Sa`d ibn `Abādah. His full name is Qais ibn Sa`d ibn `Abādah ibn Dulaim, one of the Ansār, of the Khazraj tribe. He was very generous and a genius. His form was large; whenever he rode a donkey, his feet would be dragging. He was the standard bearer of the Ansār, fighting on the side of the Messenger of Allāh (ص). His judgment was always sought, and he participated with the Messenger of Allāh (ص) in all military campaigns and battles. He also participated in the conquest of Egypt where he built a house, then he became its ruler during the caliphate of Ali ibn Abu Tālib (ﻉ). He used to be regarded as the head of the Prophet’s police force. On the Conquest of Mecca, the Messenger of Allāh took the standard from Qais’s father, Sa`d ibn `Abādah, chief of the Anār, and handed it over to him. He kept the Prophet company for ten years. During a time of extreme hardship, he slaughtered animals to feed the Muslim army that had been consumed by acute hunger. He participated in the Battle of Siffin siding with Ali (ﻉ), and he died during the last years of the rule of Mu`āwiyah. The Prophet (ص) lauded the generosity and open-handedness of Qais. Qais once sold merchandise to Mu`āwiyah for 90,000 dinars then ordered a crier to cry out throughout Medina urging anyone who needed a loan to go to the house of Qais ibn Sa`d. He loaned forty to fifty thousand dinars and kept the rest, taking a receipt from all those who borrowed from him. It is also said that he once lent a man 30,000 dirhams, and when the man wanted to pay him back, he refused to take it.
Fātima, blessings of Allāh with her, her father, husband and offspring. She is the daughter of the Messenger of Allāh, Muhammed (ص). Her mother is Khadija daughter of Khuwailid, and she used to be called “Ummu Abeeha,” mother of her father, due to the extreme care with which she surrounded him. She was the youngest of the Prophet’s daughters and the dearest to him. History books record several reports about when she was born. Some say she was born in the same year when the Ka`ba was rebuilt, that is, when the Prophet was 35 years old. Others say she was born only a few months before the inception of the Prophetic mission. Ali ibn Abu Tālib, cousin of the Prophet, married her at the beginning of the month of Muharram of 2 A.H. when she was 18 years old, but others say differently
`Ā’isha is quoted as having said, “I never saw anyone better than Fātima other than her father.” Abu Huraira has quoted the Messenger of Allāh (ص) as saying, “The best of all the women of the world are four: Mary (mother of Jesus), Asiya (wife of Pharaoh), Khadija (wife of Prophet Muhammed) and Fātima.” In two Sahih books, it is recorded that the Messenger of Allāh said the following as he was sitting on his pulpit: “Fātima is part of me; whoever harms her harms me, and I am disturbed by anyone who disturbs her.” The Prophet supplicated to Ali and Fātima when they got married saying, “O Allāh! I implore You to bless them, to let Your blessing descend on them, and to bless their offspring.” Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, said once, “It was at my house that the verse saying, `Surely Allāh only desires to keep away all uncleanness from you, O People of the House (of the Prophet, i.e. Ahl al-Bayt), and to purify you with a (thorough) purification’ (Qur’ān, 33:33) was revealed, whereupon the Prophet ordered to bring Fātima, Ali, al-Hassan, and al-Hussain to him then said, `These are my Ahl al-Bayt.'”
She gave birth to al-Hassan, al-Hussain and Zainab, and she died six months after her father’s demise, but there are reports indicating differently.
Anas ibn Mālik
Yasār, who was killed by the `Arnites
Abu Salma, also said to be Abu Salamah
HIS FINANCIAL SECRETARY
Bilal, may Allāh be pleased with him. He (ص) said to him, “Spend, O Bilal, and do not fear any decrease from the Lord of the Throne (the Almighty).”
HIS STANDARD BEARERS
Ali ibn Abu Tālib
Az-Zubair ibn al-`Awwām
Sa`d ibn `Abādah
Zaid ibn Hārithah
Ja`fer ibn Abu Tālib
Khālid ibn al-Walid
`Abdullāh ibn Ruwāhah
Al-Asla` ibn Sharik
`Abdullāh ibn Mas`ud
Ka`b ibn Zuhair. He is Ka`b ibn Zuhair ibn Abu Sulma, a poet. His father, Zuhair ibn Abu Sulma, was a pre-Islamic poet known as one of those whose poems were hung on the Ka`ba (al-mu`allaqāt). Ka`b ibn Zuhair once went out with his brother Bujair, who also was a poet, to meet the Messenger of Allāh (ص). When they reached a place known as Abraq al-`Azzāf, Bujair said to Ka`b, “Stay with our herd till I see this man (meaning the Messenger of Allāh) and listen to him.” Ka`b remained with the flock as Bujair went to meet the Messenger of Allāh who invited him to embrace Islam, and he did. When news of his brother accepting Islam reached him, Ka`b instantantly composed these lines of poetry:
I beg you convey a message from me to Ka`b:
To what did he lead you, may someone else perish?
To what neither your mother nor your father do?
Nor did you find a brother of yours accepting it.
May Abu Bakr give you a drink
So the one who drinks of it chews and dies.
When the Messenger of Allāh heard about these lines, he permitted killing him. Bujair wrote his brother Ka`b saying, “Seek help! I do not think that you can survive this one!” Then he wrote him again saying that anyone who came to the Prophet to testify that there is no god except Allāh, and that Muammed is the Messenger of Allāh, he would accept his testimony and would not hold him accountable for anything which he had done before. “So,” he went on, “once this letter reaches you, come and declare your acceptance of Islam.” Ka`b did, indeed, go there. He delivered a poem in praise of the Prophet. He went and tied his camel at the Mosque’s gate then entered as the Messenger of Allāh was talking to people. Ka`b took a few more steps till he sat close to him, declared his acceptance of Islam then sought asylum. When the Prophet asked him who he was, he said, “I am Ka`b ibn Zuhair.” The Prophet then turned to Abu Bakr and asked him about the phrase of Ka`b stating “… so the one who drinks of it chews and dies.” But Ka`b was quick to alter the wording so as to mean “the one who is granted asylum;” therefore, the Messenger of Allāh said, “You, by Allāh, are now safe and secure.” Then Ka`b delivered his famous poem in praise of the Prophet which came to be known as the “burda” (garment) because the Messenger of Allāh took off his garment which he was then wearing and gave it to Ka`b. Some of its lines (roughly) run like this:
Su`ād could be seen, and I could see
How weak with love my heart came to be,
Like an orphan following her, bearing love not light.
Surely the Prophet is a sword that emits light
One of Allāh’s swords, ever unsheathed is he.
I was told that death did the Prophet promise me,
But pardon from Allāh’s Messenger
Is anticipated, from peril it does deliver.
Hassān ibn Thābit. His full name is Hassān ibn Thābit ibn al-Munthir, poet of the Messenger of Allāh. He belonged to the Ansār from the Khazraj tribe. It is said that he lived for 60 years during the pre-Islamic period and 60 more thereafter. He did not participate in the Prophet’s invasions because he did not feel strong enough to do so. Whenever he wanted Hassān to compose a satiric poem defaming the polytheists, the Messenger of Allāh used to say to him, “Assault, may the Holy Spirit be with you!” The Prophet used to put a pulpit for him at the Mosque so that he would stand on it to defend the Messenger of Allāh (with his poetry). When he wanted once to blast Quraish with his poetry, the Messenger of Allāh said to him, “But I am related to Quraish! Go to Abu Bakr, for he is the most knowledgeable of Quraish’s genealogy, and he will trace for you my kinship thereto.” He once responded to Abu Sufyān ibn al-Hārith (who abused the Prophet) by composing these lines:
You attacked Muhammed, whereas behind him I stand,
And for this I shall have from Allāh my reward;
My father, my father’s father, and my honor
Are for Muhammed a shield from you and a cover.
Do you really defame him while you are not his peer?!
Your worst be sacrificed for one held by Allāh as dear.
It is also said that Hassān was quite articulate and brave, but an ailment afflicted him, rendering him unable to bear arms. Hassān died in 54 A.H. (674 A.D.), but some say in 40 A.H. (660 A.D.).
`Abdullāh ibn Ruwāhah
HIS WEAPON BEARERS
Al-Mughirah ibn Shu`bah
HIS CARAVAN LEADER
`Āmir ibn `Abdillāh ibn Ruwāhah
Thābit ibn Qais ibn Shammās
May Allāh be pleased with them all.
MU’ATHTHINS OF THE PROPHET (ص)
Bilal ibn Rabāh
Al-A`ma (the blind man) ibn Umm Maktum
Abu Masrah, Anasah ibn Badāh, who was raised by al-Aswad.
Salamah ibn al-Akwa`
Sa`d ibn Mu`āth; he guarded him during the battle of Badr.
Muhammed ibn Maslamah; he guarded him during the battle of Uhud.
`Abbād ibn Bishr, his guard.
Bilal, his guard.
Az-Zubair ibn al-`Awwām; he guarded him during the battle of the Khandaq (moat).
Sa`d ibn Abu Waqqās, his guard.
Abu Ayyub (al-Ansāri), his guard.
Umm `Abbās; she was mentioned by al-Baghawi.
Dumaira; she was mentioned by Ibn Kathir.
Maimuna daughter of Hafsa; she was mentioned by Ibn Mundah.
Maimuna daughter of Sa`d; she was mentioned by Imām Ahmad.
Maria (Mary) the Copt, the mother of Ibrāhim. She was given to him (ص) as a present by the Muqauqas of Egypt.
Laila, `Ā’isha’s bondmaid
`Unquda the Ethiopian, mother of Subaih
Sirin, the Copt, Maria’s sister, whom the Prophet gave to his poet Hassān ibn Thābit
Salma, Rafi’s mother. She was Abu Rāfi’s wife.
Salāma, Ibrāhim’s nurse
Sudaisa; she was mentioned by Abu Na`um.
Amatullāh daughter of Razuna. She was mentioned by Abu Ya`li.
Umaima; she was mentioned by Ibn al-Athir.
Tirka, Umm Ayman. She was wife of Zaid ibn Hārithah and mother of Usāmah.
Khadra; mentioned by Ibn Mundah
Hisliya; mentioned by Ibn al-Athir
Ruzaina; mentioned by Ibn `Asākir
Radawi; mentioned by Ibn al-Athir
Raihāna; mentioned by Ibn Kathir
Razuna; mentioned by Ibn Kathir
Sā’iba; mentioned by Ibn al-Athir
HIS FREED SLAVES
Zaid ibn Hārithah
Abu Rafi` the Copt
Usāmah ibn Zaid
Ayman ibn `Ubaid
Thawbān ibn Kaidād
Abu Rafi`, also called simply “Rāfi`”
Damrah ibn Shaqra ibn al-Habashi
Faqur; he is mentioned by al-Baghawi.
Kaisān; he is mentioned by al-Baghawi.
Mabor the Copt; he was presented to him (ص) by the Muqauqas together with Maria the Copt and her sister Sirin, and he was a eunuch.
Mudgham the Black
Nāfi`; he used to carry his shoes.
Rabu`; he was presented to him by some man of fame, and he was killed.
Wāqid; he is mentioned by Ibn `Asākir.
Hurmuz; some say he is called Masruh, and he is mentioned by Ibn Kathir.
Hishām; he is the father of Kaisān, although some say he is the father of Wāqid; he is mentioned by Abu Na`im.
Yasār; he is mentioned by Ibn Sa`d in his Tabaqāt.
Abul-Hamrā’; it is said that he was killed by the `Arnites.
Abu Salma; it is said that his name is Hilāl ibn al-Hārith.
Abu Safiyya; he is his shepherd.
Abu Damira; he is mentioned by al-Baghawi.
Abu `Ubaid; he is mentioned by Imām Ahmad.
Abu `Usaib; he is mentioned by Ibn Kathir.
Abu Muwaihabah; he is mentioned by Ibn Kathir; his name is Salim, but some say it is `Amr.
HIS FREE SERVANTS
Anas ibn Mālik, who served him for ten years
Al-Asla` ibn Sharik. He was mentioned by Ibn Badr and by others.
Qais ibn Sa`d
Asma` ibn Hārithah; mentioned by Imām Ahmad
Bilal ibn Rabāh, slave of Abu Bakr
Bakr ibn ash-Shadākh, mentioned by Ibn Mundah
Hasbah, mentioned by Imām Ahmad
Thu Mikhmār, nephew of the Negus (Emperor of Ethiopia who died in 9 A.H./630 A.D.; some sources say that the name of this Negus was Abjar ibn Ashamah, or at least this is how contemporary Arabs used to call him.)
Rabi`ah ibn Ka`b, mentioned by al-Awzā`i
Sa`d ibn Abu Bakr, mentioned by Abu Dāwud
`Abdullāh ibn Ruwāhah, mentioned by Ibn Kathir
`Uqbah ibn `Āmir, mentioned by Imām Ahmad
`Abdullāh ibn Mas`ud, who used to carry his sandals
Al-Mughirah ibn Shu`bah, mentioned by Ibn Kathir and others
Al-Miqdād ibn al-Aswad, mentioned by Imām Ahmad
Muhājir, slave of Umm Salamah, mentioned by at-Tabrāni
Hind ibn Hārithah, mentioned by Ibn Shākir and Ibn Kathir
Hilāl ibn al-Hārith, mentioned by Ibn Shākir and others
Zaid ibn Himyar, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Al-Aswad ibn Mālik, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Al-Jarjān ibn Mālik, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Al-Jarāh ibn al-Jarjān, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Tha`labah ibn `Abdir-Rahmān, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Sālim, slave of Tha`labah, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Na`im ibn Rabi`ah, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
Abus-Samh, mentioned by Ibn Ishāq
Abu Tharr al-Ghifāri, mentioned by Ibn Shākir
HIS TOOLS AND OTHER BELONGINGS
Clothes, Shoes, Accessories and Other Household Items
Dyestuff called stonelight
A kohl container, scissors
Four slippers (two pairs)
Two sabiya shoes
An Omani loincloth
Two desert garments
A desert shirt
A sijuli shirt
A Yemeni coat and a Syrian coat
A white gown
A long shirt
A square overcoat
A bed of skin stuffed with fibers
Four turbans: a woven turban which he wore most of the time; a tuft turban which he rarely wore; a white turban which he wore most of the time; a black turban which he wore on festive occasions
He (ص) entered Mecca on the day of conquest wearing a black turban with both ends dangling down to his shoulders
A clod of earth to rub onto his skin
A waterskin from which he used to drink and perform his ablution
A pot in which food was cooked for him
A skin-covered rod with three inlaid silver buttons and a ring probably made for trips
Henna coloring substances
A utensil called as-Sadura
A washing sink made of leather
An Alexandrian ivory box in which he used to keep his comb, scissors, and mirror. This box was a present from Muqauqas (the ruler of Egypt).
A piece of velvet plush
A red outfit which he used to wear frequently
An outfit made of (camel) hair
A black outfit
A handkerchief to wipe his faceA pot
A “harmal” mat
A basket in which to keep his perfumes
A comb to comb his hair
A rug called al-Karr
A gold ring which he threw away and did not wear
A silver ring which he used to wear
An iron ring with silver plating
The mule al-Shahbā’ which was presented to him by the Muqauqas (then ruler of Egypt). It is said that it was also called “Duldul.”
A mule called “Silver” which was presented to him by Farwah.
A mule presented to him by the ruler of Dumat al-Jandal.
A mule presented to him by Khosrau (Emperor of Persia). Reports about this differ, and the correct one is that this is not true.
A mule presented to him by the Negus (emperor of Ethiopia).
A donkey called Ya`fur
A donkey called `Āfir
It is said that he had 100 ewes, and whenever a lamb was born, he slaughtered a ewe. Their shepherd was the son of Umm Ayman.21 Horses
As-Sakab, which he bought from a Bedouin,
Al-Murtajiz, which he had during the battle of Khuzaimah ibn Thābit
Lizāz, presented to him by the Muqauqas (governor of Egypt)
Ad-Darb, presented to him ibn Abul-Barā’
Al-Lahuf, presented to him by Farwah
Al-Ward, presented to him by Tamim ad-Dāri
An-Najib… and Seven Sheep
Itlāl, Zamzam, `Ajwa, Itrāf, Saqiya, Baraka, and WarisaMISCELLANEOUS MILITARY ITEMS
Seven Armor Plates
This was a quiver for arrows called al-Jam`.
Made of Shuat wood; it was called al-Mamshuq.
Ar-Ruha, made of the Naba` tree
A-Safrā’, made of the Naba` tree
Al-Baidā’, made of the Shuhat tree
Al-Hatf, which originally belonged to the armor of the (Jewish) Qainuqā` tribe;
Ar-Rusub, which he got as a booty from an idol worshipped by Tay;
Al-Makhtham, which he got from items given by Tay (tribesmen) to an idol as an offering;
Ma’thur, which he inherited from his father;
Al-`Adb, which he got from Sa`d ibn `Abādah (as a gift);
Thul-Fiqār, which he acquired during the battle of Badr;
As-Samsāma, the sword of `Amr ibn Ma`addi Karb;
Al-Qāl`i, from the armor of the Qainuqā` tribe;
Al-Battār, from the armor of the Qainuqā` tribe.
An-Nab`a, which was mentioned by al-Suhaili;
Al-Baidā’, a large spear;
Al-`Anza, on which he leaned during prayer.
The Blessed One (ص) also had a saddle called as-Sirāj.
A Hooked Stick
This was al-Haukān, an arm’s length, called ar-Rifq.
Ar-Rāya was white; in its center read: “There is no god except Allāh, Muhammed is the Messenger of Allāh.”
As-Safrā’ (the yellow one) was mentioned by Abu Dāwud and others;
Al-`Uqāb was black and square, and in its midst there was a white crescent.
Three lances taken from the Qainuqā` tribe
It was called Ar-Rukn.
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